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Expression of type string can't be used to index type X

Element implicitly has an 'any' type because expression of type 'X' can't be used to index type 'Y'.

This error is likely occurring because you're trying to use a type that's too loose to access an object's properties.

Try solving this using the playground below:

Solution 1: Tighten the index

One solution is to try to make the type doing the indexing tighter. In this case, by changing str to keyof typeof myObj:

const access = (str: keyof typeof myObj) => {
  return myObj[str];

This is very safe because it ensures that the string you're using to index into the object is one of the keys of the object. But it's not always possible.

Solution 2: Loosen the object type

When you declare an object, TypeScript will try to infer the most specific type possible. In this case, it's inferring that myObj is an object with two properties, a and b, whose values are numbers.

If you want to loosen the type of the object, you can do so by adding a type annotation:

const myObj: Record<string, number> = {
  a: 1,
  b: 2,

Now, we can access the object with any string - and also add any string to the object:

// We can add new keys to the object!
myObj["c"] = 3;

const access = (str: string) => {
  // Accessing with string is perfectly OK!
  return myObj[str];

Note that if you choose this approach, you should add noUncheckedIndexedAccess to your tsconfig, which will give you extra safety when accessing the object.

Solution 3: Cast the index

Finally, you can do a cast inside the access itself:

const access = (str: string) => {
  return myObj[str as keyof typeof myObj];

This is slightly less safe and might result in an unexpected result because we're fooling TypeScript into thinking that myObj[str] will always return a number. But if we call access with c, we won't get a number back at runtime:

 * TS things it's a number, but it's actually undefined!
const cResult = access("c");
const cResult: number

If possible, you should be using solution 1 or 2 instead - but having this cast in your pocket can be useful.

Found any other solutions? Got any more questions? Let me know:

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